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国内国外保安产业的比较问题

点击次数:    发布时间:2018-05-10来源:http://www.bzzhongtebao.com
1、国外安保企业的发展
1. The development of foreign security enterprises
国外安保业是随着资本主义的不断发展而成长起来的,究其原因在于越来越多的资本集中到少数资本家手中,而现有的国家力量不能全方位无死角的提供安全保护,所以私人安保业也就应运而生。如美国诞生的世界上家安保公司,其担当的职责便是巡逻防控,保护英国殖民者的利益。纵观世界安保业史,行业都是因为国家经济的超速发展,社会犯罪的急剧增多和警力的严重不足而兴起。
The foreign security industry is growing up with the continuous development of capitalism, the reason is that more and more capital is concentrated in the hands of a few capitalists, and the existing state power can not provide security protection in all directions, so the private security industry is also born. If the first security company in the world was born in the United States, its duty is to patrol and prevent and control the interests of British colonists. Throughout the history of the world's security industry, the industry has risen because of the rapid development of the national economy, the rapid increase in social crime and the serious shortage of police force.
后期安保业的发展日趋成熟,已然成为国家、社会中一个规模宏大的行业,在人力、财力、物力上都已接近或超过了政府警察机构的水平。如与美国国务院合作的黑水私人保安公司,1997年由美国海军特种部队“海豹突击队”的几名退役军人创办,在北卡罗来纳州一片森林里占地7000英亩,内设各种先进的培训场地,服务对象包括美国国防部、国务院运输部和外国政府,2001年以来已获得超过10亿美元的政府合同,仅在伊拉克的雇员就多达1000人;英国杰富仕(G4S)集团公司,在全球拥有61.8万名员工,业务遍布世界6大洲125个国家,曾承担英国伦敦奥运会、诸多监狱看护与安全管理业务,2013年集团营业收入达74亿英镑。
滨州保安服务
The development of the security industry in the later period is becoming more and more mature, and has become a large scale industry in the state and society. It has been close to or exceeded the level of the government police institutions in human, financial and material resources. The black water private security company, co - operated with the United States Department of state, was founded in 1997 by several retired soldiers of the Navy special force "seal assault team". It covers an area of 7000 acres in a forest in North Carolina, with various advanced training sites, including the National Defense Department, the State Department transport department and foreign affairs. The government, which has obtained more than $1 billion in government contracts since 2001, has up to 1000 employees in Iraq alone, and G4S group, with 618 thousand employees worldwide, covers 125 countries in 6 continents, and has undertaken the London Olympic Games, multiple prison care and safety management, 2013 The annual operating income of the group was 7 billion 400 million pounds.
2、国内安保行业的兴起
2. The rise of domestic security industry
家安保企业--深圳蛇口保安服务公司诞生于1984年,改革开放初期,正是借助经济发展的东风,万物复苏,这种由专业公司提供安全服务的模式在短期内迅速推广到全国各地。
The first security enterprise in China, Shekou security service, Shenzhen, was born in 1984. In the early period of reform and opening up, it was the wind of the economic development and the recovery of all things. The mode of providing security services by professional companies was rapidly spread to all parts of the country in the short term.
经过30多年摸索,同时伴随着经济社会的多元化发展,安保行业生态也变得更加丰富。业务内容从单一的人力巡逻防控模式,升级为人防、物防、技防、犬防、押运、保安咨询、劳务输出等领域为一体的全方位的安保服务网络,并开始向高科技安全防范领域迈进,值得一提的是,随着市场的开放与繁荣,越来越多的政客要人,社会名流相应加大了对自身安全的关注,私人保镖业务的发展更是呈现方兴未艾之势。
After more than 30 years of exploration, along with the diversified development of economy and society, the security industry ecology has become more abundant. From a single human patrolling prevention and control mode, the business content is upgraded to a full range of security service networks in the fields of civil defense, material defense, technical defense, dog defense, escort, security consultation, labor export and so on. It is beginning to move towards the field of high tech security prevention. It is worth mentioning that as the Chinese market is open and prosperous, the more it is that More and more politicians and celebrities have increased their concern for their own safety. The development of private bodyguard business is in the ascendant.
目前,我国安保服务公司从专业化不断向社会化方向发展,形成了以政府主管的安保服务公司为龙头、社会各种力量开办的安保服务企业为辅助的多种所有制、多种管理模式的安保服务主体的大格局,并成为了维护社会稳定、维护公共安全和治安秩序的重要治安社会力量。
At present, the security service company of our country develops from the specialization to the socialized direction, and has formed the large pattern of the security service subject, which is assisted by the security service company of the government in charge of the faucet and all kinds of social forces, and has become the maintenance of social stability. An important social security force for safeguarding public safety and public order.