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案件现场的基础知识了解

点击次数:    发布时间:2018-02-14来源:http://www.bzzhongtebao.com
1、按现场的情况及保护情况分
1. According to the situation and protection of the scene
(1)原始现场:即从案件发生后到调察前,没有遭到任何改变和破坏,仍然处于犯罪分子作案时的现场。
(1) the original scene: before the case occurred to the inspection, there were no changes and destruction, still in the scene of the crime.
(2)变动现场:即案件发生后,由于自然或人为的原因,导致了现场发生了部分或全部的改变,犯罪分子遗留的痕迹、物证遭到不同程度的破坏。
(2) change the scene: after the occurrence of the case, natural or man-made reasons led to some or all changes in the scene, and the traces and material evidence left by the criminals were damaged to varying degrees.
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(3)伪造现场:即犯罪分子在实施犯罪过程中,为了毁灭证据,逃避打击,有计划、有目的地将现场加以伪造,企图转移侦察视线,或者嫁祸于人,妄图陷害;也有的为了某种需要,而有意制造假案的现场。但是,不管犯罪分子如何狡猾,只要实施犯罪,都必然引起客观事物的变化,其实施犯罪和掩盖犯罪的矛盾是无法克服的。
(3): fake field criminals in the crime, in order to destroy the evidence, to avoid combat, a planned destination site to be forged, attempt to transfer or shift to reconnaissance sight, against the need for some others; and, to system fraud site. However, no matter how the criminals are cunning, they will inevitably cause changes in objective things as long as they commit crimes. In fact, the contradiction between committing crimes and covering up crimes can not be overcome.
2、按犯罪活动地点的主次分
2. The main and secondary points of the place of criminal activity
(1)中心现场:即犯罪分子作案的地点。
(1) the site of the center: the place where the criminals commit a case.
(2)外围现场:即中心现场以外、留有犯罪可能有关痕迹及物品的现场。
(2) outside scene: that is, outside the center of the scene, where the crime may be related to the traces and objects.
3、按犯罪分子作案活动的次序,可分、第二,乃至第三、第四现场。
3. According to the order of criminal offenders, they can be divided into the first, second, and even third, and fourth sites.